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  #1  
Old January 8th, 2011, 12:02 AM
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Trending The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

The Genie In The Shadows


Why few remember that it was Narasimha Rao who initiated reforms
KALYANI SHANKAR



Destiny made P.V. Narasimha Rao the 12th prime minister of India. Even the day before he was sworn in (June 21, 1991), it wasn’t clear who would lead, for many in the Congress wanted Sonia Gandhi to succeed Rajiv Gandhi. It was Sonia who cleared Rao’s name and made him preside over the country for the next five years. Destiny also smiled at Manmohan Singh, whom Rao chose as his finance minister. Rao’s first choice was I.G. Patel, then director of the London School of Economics, but Patel politely declined the offer. (In fact, later, when Patel returned home on retirement, Rao offered him the job of commerce minister, but Patel declined again.)

Sitting in 12 Wellington Crescent, where he quietly prepared his cabinet list, Rao rang up Manmohan and offered him the post. Why did Rao look to an economist instead of choosing one of his senior colleagues as finance minister? There were two reasons. Rao was looking for a credible international face to bail out India from the financial mess inherited from his predecessor, Chandra Shekhar. Foreign exchange reserves were at an all-time low, with barely enough to last a few weeks. He could not expect public support for austerity measures. Secondly, Manmohan did not pose a threat to Rao’s leadership, unlike V.P. Singh, who had been a threat to Rajiv Gandhi’s premiership.

As the IMF and the World Bank had already provided the basic framework for liberalisation, Rao allowed Manmohan a free hand to take every measure needed to meet the obligations to these international financial institutions. As Congress president, CPP leader and prime minister, Rao bore the brunt of criticism from his party and the opposition, since both saw Manmohan as Rao’s creation. As head of a minority government, Rao found it very difficult to push economic reforms through. There had been many stormy parliamentary party meetings in which senior cabinet ministers like Arjun Singh led the attack on Rao and Manmohan for their departure from the Nehruvian model. The Left and other opposition parties like the BJP also wouldn’t support liberalisation. In these circumstances, Rao took care to protect Manmohan from criticism and did not accept the latter’s resignation letters when the tempo of attacks intensified.
It took two years for the government to come out of the macroeconomic crisis. The next four years—1993 to 1996—saw the highest growth rate in Indian industry but economic reforms lost steam after the initial impetus. The successive losses in assembly elections—including in Rao’s home state of Andhra Pradesh—slowed the pace of reforms. Rao’s speech at the World Economic Forum in Davos was about India taking the “middle path”.

Simultaneously, Rao launched the policies of economic diplomacy in the aftermath of the Soviet Union’s collapse. He supported a “Look East” policy and saw integrating with the ASEAN market as the best option for India. The liberalisation launched by Rao’s minority government in 1991 has allowed India to achieve sustained high growth and rapid growth in the living standards of the people in just two decades. Despite the presence of the Left, reforms were kept alive by the successor governments of H.D. Deve Gowda and I.K. Gujral because of Congress support. The NDA, led by the BJP, also continued with these policies.

Ironically, Manmohan, who has been called the father of India’s economic reforms, could not launch second-generation reforms as prime minister during UPA-1. Vested interests, trade unions and the Left parties combined with votebank politics and populism to scuttle or slow down the pace of reforms. At the state level, regional parties in power delayed reforms. When the ruling DMK in Tamil Nadu, which was also a UPA ally, opposed the disinvestment of Neyveli Lignite Corporation, Manmohan promptly withdrew the measure. Above all, Manmohan was not able to market these reforms to the masses, as they had failed to generate employment corresponding to the high growth. The opposition parties dubbed the reforms as pro-rich and anti-poor. During UPA-2, the government is drifting and is bogged down by corruption, especially the 2G and CWG scams.

Despite Rao’s contribution to India’s liberalisation drive, the Congress seems reluctant to commend his efforts. On the contrary, it seems as if the party would like to black out the Rao period from its history. For instance, while celebrating its 125th foundation day last December, the party enumerated the achievements of every Congress prime minister—except Rao. It did not give him credit for implementing Rajiv’s dreams. Things haven’t really changed, even though Congress president Sonia recently took everyone by surprise when she mentioned Rao as someone who gave fresh impetus to the process of economic reforms.

Why does the Congress want to forget the Rao regime? It could be because the party believes that the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty alone matters. After the Congress lost power in 1996, Rao was embroiled in court cases while the party leadership went to Sitaram Kesri, who did not step up to the challenge. Sonia’s entry in 1998 stabilised the party and reinforced the party’s faith in the “family”. The Congress also has a tendency to gloss over periods ruled by non-Nehru family members. When Lal Bahadur Shastri succeeded Nehru, it was thought of as a stopgap arrangement. Shastri was a forgotten hero for some time but the Congress today recognises Shastri and his portrait has begun to appear at meetings and aicc sessions. So perhaps Rao’s achievements would be recognised after a suitable period has gone by.

Secondly, while constructing a lineage for the next generation (Rahul Gandhi), Rao’s five years appear as an interruption to the family’s grasp on power. Manmohan’s premiership, on the other hand, does not appear so because public perception is that Sonia is the real power. Thirdly, and crucially, Rao committed the mistake of not endearing himself to the Gandhi family and kept Sonia in the shadows during his rule. Although in the first year he used to visit 10 Janpath, he stopped after N.D. Tiwari and others opposed to him formed the All-India Indira Congress (Tiwari). Misunderstandings between Rao and Sonia worsened matters.

Finally, Rao, for his own reasons, allowed Manmohan to take credit for the reforms. One could argue that a natural tendency to be a low-profile leader—in conjunction with the need to defuse the attacks—made Rao reluctant to project his own achievements. In the twilight of his life, Rao often used to say that history would judge him better.

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Old January 8th, 2011, 02:35 AM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

Rao, like Karna in Kurukshetra, had to battle three 'forces', ironically, aligned with him!?!!
The commies, the congis, and the 'control freaks' in the bureaucracy!
Even more absurd, he was tacitly being supported by the BJP led opposition!
He had to pay a very heavy price for it---not only did Soniya NOT visit his corpse, but there was insufficient wood to burn his frail body!

For me, he was the best PM we ever had.
Infinitely superior to Nehru, Gandhi etc.., and a tad better than even ABV!
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Old January 8th, 2011, 03:21 AM
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Smile Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

True, and this man is now being erased in Congress history books, maligned even! '84 riots is being made his responsibility giving Rajeev Gandhi a clean chit. Nehru family is there only to take credit for good things, all the kachra will be thrown at loyal dogs. In a few years I am sure sardarji will be made scapegoat for 2G, CWG and god knows what.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 03:49 AM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

I am surprised eCharcha posted this thread....
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Old January 8th, 2011, 02:44 PM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

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Originally Posted by kkkk View Post
I am surprised eCharcha posted this thread....
I have always admired PVN Rao.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 04:49 PM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

Quote:
Originally Posted by rationalthinker View Post
Rao, like Karna in Kurukshetra, had to battle three 'forces', ironically, aligned with him!?!!
The commies, the congis, and the 'control freaks' in the bureaucracy!
Even more absurd, he was tacitly being supported by the BJP led opposition!
He had to pay a very heavy price for it---not only did Soniya NOT visit his corpse, but there was insufficient wood to burn his frail body!

For me, he was the best PM we ever had.
Infinitely superior to Nehru, Gandhi etc.., and a tad better than even ABV!
Fully Agree with it. In fact I have been a staunch admirer of PVN throughout and many times on this forum.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 07:14 PM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

the worst thing was that even after his death the con party did not provide him the respect that he deserves. Instead of cremating in Delhi, his dead body was forced to be cremated in Hyderabad, but without due care.
The day after his dead body was burned, dogs were photographed eating the partially burned dead body"so much for being the best PM of INDIA after LB Shastri".
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Old January 8th, 2011, 07:58 PM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

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Originally Posted by BABU_HYDERABADI View Post
the worst thing was that even after his death the con party did not provide him the respect that he deserves. Instead of cremating in Delhi, his dead body was forced to be cremated in Hyderabad, but without due care.
The day after his dead body was burned, dogs were photographed eating the partially burned dead body"so much for being the best PM of INDIA after LB Shastri".
PVN was much better than LB Shastri also. He crushed 5-6 insurgencies at the same time.

BTW he was humiliated including his cremation to please Muslims .

Still people of AP gave 33 seats to Congress, PVN was doomed to be humiliated.

I am surprised how can people of AP be so naive to give 0 seats to BJP under whom AP grew the max( 1999-2004)

About Congress, bhai they have ditched Sanjay Gandhi,son of Indiara Gandhi then what Aukat PVN has.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 11:14 PM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

PVN is Mr Unmentionable of congress party, it was BJP who demolished the temple but it was PVN who is responsible for make shift temple at the site.

He bailed out India from the crisis, after the end of cold war, under his leadership the Indian economy aligned with global economy, he made quick changes in Nehruvian economy so as to meet current demand of global economy.

He also weeded out insurgency from Punjab, I feel had he been alive he would have weeded out Islamic terrorism as well.

Under his guidance for the first time Indians started to have good international relation, out relation with Arab world and Israel were initiated by PVN only.

It is so unfortunate that he was treated in that way by congress


Quote:
Originally Posted by Parijataka View Post
True, and this man is now being erased in Congress history books, maligned even! '84 riots is being made his responsibility giving Rajeev Gandhi a clean chit. Nehru family is there only to take credit for good things, all the kachra will be thrown at loyal dogs. In a few years I am sure sardarji will be made scapegoat for 2G, CWG and god knows what.
this is precisely my feeling

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Old January 9th, 2011, 01:05 AM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

Quote:
Originally Posted by BABU_HYDERABADI View Post
the worst thing was that even after his death the con party did not provide him the respect that he deserves. Instead of cremating in Delhi, his dead body was forced to be cremated in Hyderabad, but without due care.
The day after his dead body was burned, dogs were photographed eating the partially burned dead body"so much for being the best PM of INDIA after LB Shastri".

Didnt his sons raise a stink over this???
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Old January 9th, 2011, 01:11 AM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

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Didnt his sons raise a stink over this???
No. Because vast majority of non-minority (Sikh,Muslim, Christian, etc..) Indians are Hijdas!---As long as they are 'allowed' to survive, even like domestic animals, they're happy! They are devoid of any self-respect etc..
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Old January 9th, 2011, 03:07 AM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

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Didnt his sons raise a stink over this???
by that time con party was ruling both in the state and center, BTW his sons are a piece of shit, not worth mentioning their names on this thread.

P.S: BTW he wanted to be cremated in Delhi, the wish which was not allowed by the italian mafia biatch.
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Old January 9th, 2011, 05:22 AM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

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Originally Posted by rationalthinker View Post
No. Because vast majority of non-minority (Sikh,Muslim, Christian, etc..) Indians are Hijdas!---As long as they are 'allowed' to survive, even like domestic animals, they're happy! They are devoid of any self-respect etc..
Minority were always polarized towards one party or the other, isn’t Sikhs and Jains vote for NDA and Muslims and Christians vote for UPA, it is the way majority votes that decides the government at the centre. Once majority is united, minorities cannot be misused for cheap political gains by political parties. Few days back some pro-Maratha organization has called for holocaust of Brahmins with the help of Muslims, now who is responsible for this apathy, minorities or majority? Its majority’s foolish thinking that is responsible for their downfall and also to the downfall of this nation. Survival is basic instincts of human being, isn’t our ancestors surrendered our temples to the invader to save their own skin. It is internal flaw of Hinduism that is responsible for its downfall; minorities both numerically and politically are not capable of doing all this. You can blame minorities for your apathy but it will lead you to nowhere?

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Old January 9th, 2011, 07:09 AM
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Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

Hell! I AM NOT AT ALL BLAMING THE MINORITY!
There are 'sickulars' parading as 'Hindus': they are actually 'anti-Hindus'---and are distinctly diff. from the 'real Hindus' (ie., 'non-Hijda' Hindus).
These 'sickulars', at best Hijda Hindus (if they MUST BE CALLED HINDUS!), don't have any self-respect etc.. etc..
Rao's sons are such sickulars (Congis)---so, my description fits them like a glove!
The real enemies of the Hindus are these Hijda Hindus!
Even more than the most hostile of the minorities!
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Old January 10th, 2011, 10:09 AM
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Smile Re: The Genie In The Shadows - PVN Rao

If we compare the Congress PMs not from Nehru family, all are very disguinshed persons starting with Lal Bahadur, PVN and MMS. Even Gulzarilal Nanda ji, filler before and after Lal Bahadur ji, was a very upright and honest person.

Before UPA-II I had great regard for MMS and his brilliant, scholarly career as student, professor and later as beurocrat, member of think tanks, RBI Governor and then FM, but with his cowardice and inaction during all the recent maha scams have disillusioned me. There is proof, such as RBI current governor Subba Rao's letter to Raja in 2007 Oct raising objections to his pricing spectrum in 2008 at 2001 prices and also evidence that Chidambaram, then FM, as well MMS were in the loop through all this. PVN of course, lawyer, sanskrit scholar, journalist and polyglot knowing 8 languages. And Lal Bahadur coming from humble back ground and known for his stellar honesty and freedom fighter.

Coming to Nehru family, Nehru himself was `nominated` PM by Gandhiji while Sardar Patel was the choice of the party, well educated but had the backing of Motilal Nehru's $$. Rajeev and onwards it is just the fact of their being born in `The Family` that makes them distuingished! For me , Indira ji is the only great personality in the Nehru clan. She is the only one who had to fight for the PM position, first to become Congress chief where she had to face the then bigwigs of INC such as Kamraj etc by whom she was called `goongi gudia` , but she cut them all down to size, split the party and became boss lady, then went on to cut Pakistan into 1/2.... Also, called variously bitch and witch and `She suckered us. Suckered us.....this woman suckered us` by the frustrated Nixon and Kissinger for ignoring them royally.... I wish we had more `men` like her today!
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